ES News email

The strict measures being taken across Europe “absolutely necessary” to stem the pandemic, the continents’ regional director of the World Health Organisation (WHO) has said.

Dr Hans Kluge warned on Thursday that even more drastic steps might be needed in such “unprecedented times.”

It comes as the UK introduced a strict three-tier system, which has seen London categorised as “high risk” so that households face new restrictions on social gatherings.

Speaking at a WHO news briefing, Dr Kluge called for European countries and their citizens to be “uncompromising” in their attempts to control the virus.

Dr Kluge said most of the Covid-19 spread is happening in homes, indoor spaces and in communities not complying with protection measures.

“These measures are meant to keep us all ahead of the curve and to flatten its course,” he said, while wearing a dark-green mask.

“It is therefore up to us to accept them while they are still relatively easy to follow instead of following the path of severity.”

He said that the coronavirus is now the fifth-leading cause of death in Europe and noted the region recently surpassed the threshold of reporting 8,000 deaths per day.

Although Dr Kluge said the higher figures could partly be attributed to higher testing rates, especially among younger people, he said that Europe had recorded its last new million cases in just 10 days.

Dr Kluge cited epidemiological models that suggested if 95 per cent of people wear masks and other social distancing measures are applied, Europe could avoid about 281,000 deaths by February.

But he warned that relaxing measures could lead to a five-fold increase in deaths by January.

Dr Kluge declined to criticise countries for exiting lockdown too quickly without adhering to the recommendations set by WHO and said a balance needed to be struck since earlier restrictions were “unsustainable.”

In Britain, for example, the government has faced repeated criticism for encouraging people to go back to work, to eat out in restaurants and to travel while failing to implement a comprehensive contact tracing system to track new clusters.

Katie Smallwood, WHO Europe’s senior emergency officer, urged countries to act quickly. “We don’t have the luxury of time,” she said, acknowledging that surveillance and response systems in some countries are imperfect.

“Even as the swell of cases occurs, we need to continue to try to test every case, contact, identify and trace all contacts,” she said.